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Philip Morris will pay a fine of 10.1 billion dollars for "light" cigarettes
Appellate court of Illinois decided to restore the jury verdict, imposed in 2003, that sentenced the Philip Morris company to a fine of 10.1 billion dollars for the misleading of smokers about the safety of "light" cigarettes.
read more ...05/12/14
Philip Morris will close its cigarette production factory in Australia
Tobacco company Philip Morris will close its tobacco factory in Australia, located in Moorabbin, reported BBC News. Factory will cease to exist after 60 years of work, about 180 workers will remain unemployed. Company transfers its factory in South Korea.
read more ...05/02/14
Interesting Facts About Appearance of Cigarettes in America
It's so obvious for us nowadays to buy cigarettes as we know what they are for and how they should be used. In the past however smoking didn't exist. More exactly the grounds of this habit existed but were not developed to the extent familiar to
read more ...01/10/14
Smoking as Harmful as Drugs to Fetus

06/03/03

TUESDAY, June 3 (HealthScoutNews) -- In a discovery that could change the way health officials view smoking during pregnancy, Brown University researchers show nicotine has the same impact on fetuses as cocaine and heroin.

Babies exposed to nicotine during pregnancy were more excitable and tense, the researchers say, and they showed signs of central nervous system and gastrointestinal stress. The report, published in the June issue of Pediatrics, suggests the infants experienced "neonatal withdrawal" from nicotine, although the finding was not conclusive. "Because we evaluated the babies at one to two days following birth, we don't know if it's actually withdrawal we're seeing or the effects of [the mother's] cigarette smoking," says study author Karen L. Law, a third-year medical student at Brown. What's clear is that nicotine may have the same toxic effect as illegal drugs, Law adds. Ideally, the finding might motivate the 18 percent of pregnant women who smoke to quit. The study compared the behaviors of 27 nicotine-exposed newborns and 29 unexposed newborns 48 hours after birth. The researchers measured the nicotine intake of mothers by asking them how many cigarettes they smoked per day and then verifying their answers by measuring a biological marker of nicotine called cotinine, which is found in saliva. They found that a mother's cigarette intake correlated with an increase in symptom severity in her newborn. "The present study is the first to establish that the predictions from animal models are indeed true -- behavioral abnormalities akin to those associated with illicit drugs used during pregnancy, are equally, or perhaps even more, detectable in the offspring of women who smoke during pregnancy," says Theodore Slotkin, a professor of pharmacology and cancer biology at Duke University Medical Center. "This is an important, even essential, contribution to the field, especially as many of the women in the study were smoking fairly low numbers of cigarettes," he adds. The results also suggest there may be legal grounds for removing children from mothers who smoke during pregnancy, say the researchers. Given that nicotine is showing the same effects as an illegal substance for which protective services will remove babies from their mothers, policy makers ought to reconsider how they evaluate a fit mother, writes senior study author Barry Lester, a professor of psychiatry and human behavior at Brown. "To have these results in which these nicotine-exposed babies have a similar profile as cocaine-addicted infants makes us take a step back and ask what's appropriate behavior during pregnancy. Somehow smoking is still acceptable," Law says. "We need to take a look at why one substance over another is not controlled during pregnancy." The study did not look at the long-term impact of nicotine exposure during pregnancy, but the researchers say previous studies suggest the impact of smoking on newborns can be mediated if the family provides appropriate attention and care throughout childhood.

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