Cigarettes chronology about which you really didn't know.
1860. Was started the first cigarette manufacturing. First came into this business American company Blackwell Tobacco Company.
6000 BC. e. According to experts around this time the tobacco bush was completely formed and has assumed its present appearance.
About 1 thousand. BC Indians began to use tobacco - they chewed, smoked and injected it using enemas (till today, it is used in such way by Aguaruna Indians living in Peru).
600 - 1 thousand. BC The first picture of smoker. Pottery fragment with the corresponding picture was found in the Maya Uaksatun (modern Guatemala). Maya smoked cigars.
1492. For the first time Europeans seen tobacco bush. The Indians gave to Christopher Columbus a bunch of dried tobacco leaves. 1501. The first victims of the anti-smoking campaign: Spaniard Roderigo de Perez (member of the expedition of Columbus) was sentenced by Inquisition to jail for smoking - the Spaniards were amazed at how he let the smoke out of his mouth, and decided that a sailor was possessed by devil.
From 1531 to 1560. Europeans began to cultivate tobacco: first tobacco plantation was laid by the Spaniards on the island of Santo Domingo. Tobacco became an export commodity. In Brazil, the Portugueses began to cultivate tobacco exclusively for export abroad. French ambassador to Portugal, Jean Nicot de Villemain first started to promote tobacco.
1575. Was started the first anti-tobacco campaign conducted by Church: The Catholic Church banned smoking in all places where people pray (this prohibition was applied only in Spanish colonies).
1610. In England, was invented the first machine for tobacco sale. In 1614 Countries formed a special tobacco policy. The first state tobacco monopoly was established in England. In Spain, King Philip the third used a similar scheme: all tobacco produced in the Spanish colonies, must arrive in Seville, where from it were made cigars, which came to the world market. 6 years after, was built in Seville the world's first factory for processing tobacco. Prior, tobacco production was placed anywhere - Factory in Seville was originally designed as tobacco factory.
1620s. The Beginning of cigarettes era. European poor people collected cigar butts, crumbled them and rolled into a thin piece of paper for resale - the finished product was called "papeleta" (long before them, Indians rolled tobacco in maize leaves).
1636. In Spain, was launched the world's first tobacco company - Tabacalera (it was a state monopoly). After 4 years, in the Kingdom of Bhutan was banned for the first time smoking in public buildings. This type of prohibition in the 20th century became very popular around the world.
In Mid-17th century. For the first time woman start smoking - first in Spain, then in France.
1761. Was published the first study where were described and proved negative influence of tobacco on human body. English doctor John Hill conducted probably the first clinical study on this topic. He argued that the unlimited use of snuff contributes to cancer of the nose.
1790. Appeared the first large-scale tobacco advertising campaign. It was held by American company Lorillard, which decorated all US post offices with their posters. Tobacco promotion companies have become the norm since the 1910s.
In 1828 German chemists Ludwig Reimann and Wilhelm Posselt first identified nicotine. But in the 1830s happened the first mass anti-tobacco campaign. It was started in the US.
1860. Was started the first cigarette manufacturing. First came into this business American company Blackwell Tobacco Company, which started cigarette production under the brand Bull Durham. Until the 1880s, cigarettes were made manually - the first machine of cigarettes production was invented in 1876 by American Albert Hook (but not used in practice). More successful was his compatriot James Bonsack, whose cigarette machine was launched in 1881. As a result of these inventions the cost of cigarettes has sharply decreased and increased the number of smokers.
In 1868 appeared the first anti-smoking law in transport: the British Parliament decided to establish special wagons for smoking people.
In 1886 was created the first brand of cigarettes, designed for women. US company JB Duke launched cigarettes Cameo.
1913. The birthday of modern cigarettes. The American company RJ Reynolds launched cigarettes Camel, which were originally packaged in packs of 20 pieces. Camel became the first cigarettes, which have acquired the broader American popularity - before their appearance, consumers preferred local varieties of tobacco.
1926. American Lloyd Hughes invented menthol cigarettes. He sold the recipe to Axton-Fisher Tobacco company which began selling cigarettes called Spud Brand.
1971. Great Britain became the first country in the world where was established that cigarette packages should contain warning information about the harm of smoking to human health.
1972. Were created "light" cigarettes - with lower nicotine content. In 2001, the US National Cancer Institute officially declared that "light" cigarettes smoking doesn't reduces the risks on health.
The last anti-smoking law was adopted in the early 2000s.