Nicotine Mouth Spray Is Preferred Replacement Therapy For Smoking Cessation
This pilot study recently published in the journal "Respiration" shows that nicotine mouth spray is a preferred replacement therapy despite a higher rate of local adverse effects compared to oral inhalers and gum.
Various formulations of nicotine replacement therapy are commercially available. It was the aim of this study to test preference, safety and efficacy of a new nicotine mouth spray (1 mg/actuation; NicoNovum). To this effect, 100 healthy smokers wanting to quit (mean age 43.1 Â± 11.2 years) were included. They were given the mouth spray, as well as 2-mg nicotine gums and nicotine oral inhalers to try out for 1 week. Subsequently, all participants were randomized into 3 groups mouth spray (n = 50), gum (n = 25) and inhaler (n = 25) ï¿½" and treated for 3 months.
Fifty-four of the 100 smokers preferred the spray, compared with 28 and 18 who preferred the gum and inhaler, respectively (p
Despite a higher rate of local adverse effects, participants preferred the mouth spray over the gum and inhaler. The efficacy of the mouth spray seemed comparable with the one obtained by the gum and inhaler. Further studies are therefore necessary to show whether a reduction in the dose per actuation to about 0.5 mg would result in less side effects, which in turn might yield higher long-term drug compliance and possibly higher success rates than the ones achieved with other forms of nicotine replacement therapy.
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